Urinary incontinence pertains to the loss of control of urination. It can be temporary or permanent. In this disease condition you will not be able to control your external urethral sphincter. Your urination pattern may either be continuous or intermittent. It can happen to anybody within all age groups, but is usually more common in older people. It can destroy your body image as your clothes may become wet with urine, and the odor that you carry around may prove to be an embarrassment. People with urinary incontinence problems usually stay away from any kind of social activity.
Older People With Incontinence
Older people have even bigger problems when it comes to incontinence. They will have limitations to their physical activity, and their mobility can be restricted which makes going to the toilet a tiresome chore. Sometimes old people may even have difficulty unbuttoning their shirts or zipping their zippers. Older people also lack energy to walk very far in one point in time. Itís especially difficult for older people with only one toilet at home to urinate properly. Continued urinating involuntarily may damage your skin. This is due to the acidic nature of the urine that can be irritating to the integumentary system. This fact makes immobilized people at greater risk for developing pressure ulcers.
Types Of Urinary Incontinence
Total urinary incontinency is uncontrollable. You will have a continuous loss of urine whenever micturition kicks in. It is caused by neuropathy to some sensory nerves related to your urinary system; a past trauma, a disease of your spinal nerves or urethra can be a factor.Your constant flowing of urine can become unpredictable in total incontinence. Sometimes you will suffer from nocturia or be unaware that your bladder is already full if you have total urinary incontinence. Functional urinary incontinence is caused by changes in your environment; whether they may be sensory, cognitive or problems in mobility. In this type of incontinence a you will have a strong wanting to void. You may urinate before reaching the door to your toilet if micturition kicks in.
Stress urinary incontinence happens when the abdomen presses against the bladder to cause a small leak of urine. It is usually caused by coughing, laughing, vomiting or lifting heavy objects with a full bladder. Sometimes pregnant mother will experience this type of incontinence. Your urine in this condition will be dribbling every time intra-abdominal pressure increases.
Sometimes drinking too much alcohol or water can stretch the muscles of your bladder and irritate the nerves close to it. This urinary incontinence type is known as Urge. In this condition there is involuntary urination after an episode of a strong urge to urinate.
The last type of urinary incontinence is known as Reflex urinary incontinence, AKA overflow. This is due to an injury of the spinal cord, blocking certain brain activities that lead to the urinary system. In reflex/overflow incontinence the voiding episodes may occur at predictable intervals. You may notice that when a specific volume in your bladder has been reached you will then have involuntary urine loss.